Waste management is a process of collection, transportation and disposal of the waste which residents and commercial buildings produce in order to avoid the negative impact on the health and the environment. Depending on the amount and the type of the waste, it should be dealt with in the safest way to make the process of disposing the waste as efficient as possible.
Recycling is one of the most sustainable ways to manage waste. Reusing waste material preserves forests and is the most environmentally friendly way of dealing with waste. To make the process easier and more straight forward, the waste management companies provide specialised bins and containers where residents place the different types of materials by sorting them at the time of the placement in the containers. The collection service could be arranged on regular intervals or as soon as the containers get full. Each household or business have their own needs and the service should be carefully tailored to fulfil their requirements.
The recycled materials are transported to specialised recycling centres from where they are sent for reproduction of new products. The most common products which are recycled are aluminium, glass, paper and plastic. The recycling of electronic and computer equipment is more difficult as it involves more complex processes.
Apart from recycling certain materials, waste management needs to be carried out for waste which is not suitable for recycling. It should be disposed safely on an appropriate place in order not to harm the environment. Disposing to the landfill is still used nowadays although it is not the best way as it may attract vermin.
For hazardous and contaminated items, specialised vehicles and specialised teams are required to deal with them. Incineration is the most common method for disposing different type of rubbish as it converts waste into heat and it is a great way to produce sustainable energy.
The best way to deal with biological materials like plant and food is to recycle them in the form of compost which could be used for agricultural purposes.
In order to make the waste management process most efficient, it is the responsibility of the residents and the waste management companies to place waste on the most appropriate place to preserve the environment.