Clean Your Body - History of The Soap
If you ask yourself why you need to use soap to remove dirt instead of just clean water, the answer is that the soap has the ability to clean oils. Water generally can clean sugar or salt, but because of its chemical composition, it repels oils and it is not able to clean dirt and grease. The human skin requires something to wash the oils it produces and the bar soap is one of the products which is suitable for this, although for sensitive skin liquid soaps are better as they do not irritate the skin.
In the past the ancient people used to clean themselves by rubbing olive oil and sand into their skin and then scraping it off. In these times, the bathing was done for social gathering rather than for body cleaning reasons and the majority of the cultures heated the water during this ritual. It is believed that making of soap was discovered in several places in the world independently and because of the lack of information about the rest of the world, people weren't able to exchange details. Later in the history, however, as the existence of germs was discovered, people encouraged themselves to make soap and stay clean by regularly washing their bodies. Some of them used secret recipes and mixed animal fats with wood ashes and added scenting agents to prepare a pleasant smelling jelly like or hard soap for personal use.
In the early days, soap making was more accepted as an art rather than a science as the people were not familiar with the chemical process and there was no standard for the soap as a product. After they discovered the chemical nature and learned more about the fats and the glycerine, that was the beginning of the soap chemistry. Soap making became one of the fastest growing industries after the operation of the factories was discovered. Soap turned from a luxury product to an everyday necessity and it was produced for a variety of purposes including for washing machines to wash clothes and in the form of a washing up liquid to wash dishes.
The secret of the soap
Almost all of the products that we call "soap" nowadays is not a soap, but a petroleum based detergent which may cause allergic reactions to many people. The bar soap dries and irritates the skin and can causes itching and burning, but there is still a large amount of people who prefer this type of soap instead of the shower gels. They are more gentle to the skin and do not contain that much toxic elements as the bar soaps. Today, most of the detergents used for washing dishes, washing clothes and those used for house cleaning are synthetic and have replaced the soap based ones. They have become popular because they foam well without leaving any soap scum on the surfaces.
"Soap" or "Detergent" whatever you call it, is an inevitable part of our life and everyone uses various shaped, coloured and scented soap for washing and cleaning. There are many manufacturers and factories for producing soap around the world.